At the core of your tooth there is an area referred to as 'the pulp'. The pulp contains blood vessels that nourish the tooth and keep it from becoming brittle. The pulp also contains nerves that detecting changes in pressure and temperature at the tooth surface. If the pulp is damaged or infected for any reason it can result in pain, swelling, bone damage and loss of the tooth. To save the structure of your tooth and avoid complications associated with damaged pulp, root canal therapy is often an option.
A successful root canal treatment allows you keep your tooth structure as a place holder and avoid costly procedures such as implants or dentures.
The process involves creating an opening in the tooth, and using very fine dental instruments removing the pulp by cleaning and enlarging the root canal system. The root canal area, once infection free, is filled and sealed. As the tooth no longer receives nutrients, it will be more brittle that surrounding teeth. For this reason we create a crown (cap) to cover the tooth and take the pressure that your natural tooth would. The crown is cemented in place and "your tooth," rather than an artificial replacement, keeps its place in your smile.
The root canal therapy may involve several visits to our Mississauga Dixie office, as it's done in stages to ensure proper healing and placement/fitting of the crown.